Hypertext Markup Language

Updated Sept 27, 2020 · 4 min read

What is HTML?

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard language for building web pages. The language provides the structure for content appearing on a website, such as paragraphs, images, and links.

The name Hypertext Markup Language comes from:

  • Hypertext, which refers to text that provides a connection to other pages through links.
  • Markup Language, which is a language that defines the structure of raw text.

Other languages like CSS and JavaScript are often used with HTML to layer styling and behavior on the structure of a web page.

HTML tags

HTML tags are the basic components of HTML. All tags have opening and closing angle brackets and the name of the tag between the angle brackets. For example, the following is the structure of an HTML tag:

<tagname>

Some tags surround the content to structure the content. For example, the following is the structure of an HTML element that contains a start and end tag:

<tagname>Content</tagname> 

Some tags are called empty tags meaning that they don't surround content. For example, you would use the following empty tag to structure an image on a web page:

<img>

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